To compare the impact of social and financial capital on student learning, the team surveyed a representative sample of 78 elementary schools in Michigan.
Social capital was measured based on their teachers’s degree of agreement with the following statements:
Parents in this schoool are reliable in their commitments
Parent involvement supports learning here
Teachers in this school trust the parents to support them
Parents of students in this school encourage good habits of schooling
Community involvement facilitates learning here
Teachers in this school trust their students
Students in this school can be counted on to do their work
Teachers in this school have frequent contact with parents
Students are caring toward one another
Interestingly, findings showed that:
As per the article’s conclusion, “schools need to consider how trust fosters social relationships between home and school in an effort to facilitate educational outcomes. In addition, productive normative environments, both inside and outside of school, which support academic achievement, are essential pieces to consider in the building of social capital.”
Reference: Salloum, Goddard, and Berebitsky (2018), “Resources, Learning, and Policy: The Relative Effects of Social and Financial Capital on Student Learning in Schools”, Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk.